Synonyms: subcutaneous port
Definition: (1) An implanteded device through which blood may be withdrawn and infusions given without repeated needle sticks.
A subcutaneous port is one surgically placed under the skin. It consists of a artificial septum, a self-sealing rubber material, which the needle can pierce, and a catheter, that is placed in a blood vessel,, usually a vein, frequently in the upper chest, just below the collarbone. (See illustrations.)
Port-a-Cath and BardPort are two US brand names. Illustration sfrom the BardPort booklet.
(2) Where the laparoscope enters the body during surgery. Each port may have a name, depending on the location, e.g., lateral port, medial port, etc. A laparoscopic technique may be called by the number of ports (insertions) made, e.g., a 4-port technique.